Maturing skin becomes more susceptible to external damage as the outermost layer (epidermis) thins out. More UV-induced damage leads to age spots and pigmentation; as well as generation of more cell-damaging free radicals. Also the rate of generation of newer, healthier cells decreases; consequently so does the skin’s ability to heal itself.
Furthermore, the natural exfoliation process (desquamation) lessens; leading to accumulation of dead cells. Even the collagen production drops; causing wrinkles and sagging. Lose skin may be accompanied by enlarged pores; making the skin more prone to blackheads, as well as acne and other skin infections.
All these factors result in the skin looking dull, rough and old.
Saffron, or kesar, a derivative of Crocus sativus’ flower has been used since centuries as a cleanser, toner and anti bacterial agent. It helps control acne, by fighting skin infections as well as by keeping pores unclogged; by removing excess oil and dead skin cells.
It is often used to lighten skin blemishes, pigmentation marks, sun-tan and acne scars, repair dry skin and brighten and even out the complexion. In addition to being an effective skin lightening agent, saffron is also a popular anti oxidant since it promotes cell regeneration and collagen formation, which delays wrinkles and maintains skin’s elasticity.
Sandal paste has been used since centuries to achieve a smooth, vibrant and radiant complexion. It moisturizes dry skin, and shrinks pores of oily skin, hence controlling the oiliness. This makes sandal a great agent for use on all skin types. It also works against UV damage, and helps lighten dark spots and marks caused due to acne, tanning, blemishes or pigmentation.
The component beta-santalol present in Sandal makes it a powerful anti microbial or anti septic too, which can be used to treat skin infections, cuts, burns, acne and other skin problems. Sandal has also been known to reduce blackheads and calm inflamed or itching and irritated skin.
Lemongrass oil, the well known anti microbial is extracted from the leaves of the grass Cymbopogon citrates. It is used to improve skin’s elasticity and firm it up by strengthening connective tissues. Known to improve skin cells’ health by improving blood circulation, it also astringent properties.
As an anti microbial, it works against skin infections like acne. It is also used to alleviate perspiration. As an astringent, it reduces skin’s oiliness and blackheads, while unclogging and shrinking open pores. It can also be used as an anti inflammatory for skin rashes or redness.